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What is birth control?

Birth control is one or more methods employed to prevent conception as a result of sexual intercourse. Birth control can also be used to decrease the severity of acne, make menstruation lighter and more regular, and ease menstrual cramps.

What are good reasons to use birth control?

The most common reason birth control is prescribed is to prevent unwanted pregnancy. This allows couples to properly plan for the time, care and expenses necessary to raise children. Oral contraception is commonly prescribed for the other medical reasons described above.

What types of birth control are available?

Most forms of birth control are taken internally by the women that use them. In addition to daily contraceptive oral medication, women can also use an intrauterine device (IUD) to prevent sperm from reaching the egg. Spermicidal gels or lubricants work to kill sperm before they can successfully fertilize an egg. The birth control commonly referred to as “the day after pill” works to prevent fertilization by delaying ovulation. Lastly, men can choose to wear a condom to prevent the release of semen into the vaginal canal after ejaculation.

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